一、本试卷分8 页，包括四部分。其中第一部分、第二部分和第三部分为选择题，包括60个小题；第四部分为非选择题。 考试时间为120分钟，总分为150分。
1. What are the speakers talking about?
A. Driving. B. The Internet. C. Their job.
2. How long has the man been a bus driver?
A. Two months. B. Three months. C. Four months.
3. What does the woman work as now?
A. A waitress. B. A manager. C. A cashier.
4. Where are the two speakers?
A. In a bookstore. B. In a library. C. In the classroom.
5. What does the woman think of the pet dog?
A. Lovely. B. Annoying. C. Lazy.
6. When will the man probably check out of his room?
A. On May 14th. B. On May 16th， C. On May 17th.
7. What kind of room does the man reserve?
A. A single smoking room. B. A single non-smoking room. C. A double non-smoking room.
8. Where did the woman buy the local products?
A. The local museum. B. The market. C. The post-office.
9. What will the woman do tomorrow?
A. Buy some paper-cuts. B. Learn to make paper-cuts. C. Send paper-cuts to her friends.
10. How long will the woman stay in New York?
A. For two years. B. For three years. C. For four years.
11. From whom did the man know where the woman is?
A. The woman’s brother. B. The woman herself. C. The woman’s team-member.
12. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A. They are teammates. B. They are lovers. C. They are coach and player.
13. How long will the man probably stay in China?
A. Half a year. B. At least one year. C. Less than one year.
14. What is very difficult for the man to learn Chinese?
A. Knowing the four tones. B. Writing the Chinese characters. C. Getting interested in the language.
15. Why does the woman suggest the language-exchange program?
A. The man has long been interested in it.
B. She wants to make friends with the man.
C. They can help each other in 1anguage learning.
16. When do the speakers plan to begin their lessons?
A. Tonight. B. This Sunday. C. Next Sunday.
17. How many French songs should DJs play according to the new rule?
A. 40 percent. B. 60 percent. C. 90 percent.
18. Why are the radio bosses and DJs unhappy about the new rule?
A. More people will not listen to their radio.
B. No people will listen to their American songs.
C. The English language will get deeper into their culture.
19. What is the purpose of the new rule?
A. To protect American culture. B. To protect French culture. C. To protect British culture.
20. What’s the French musicians’ attitude toward the new rule?
A. They hate it. B. They don’t care. C. They’re for it.
If you are heading for Paris this year, be sure to include at least one of these shopping malls in your schedule.
ated near the Paris Opera, this huge store is well-known for household goods as well as its fashion. The store also offers many services to overseas visitors, including shipping, translation and a personal shopping service. Au Printemps, whose name means springtime, hosts several free fashion shows each week. The store’s beauty department has one of the world’s largest selections of perfumes.
Galeries Lafayette was built in 1906. It is as much fun to look at as it is to shop in this 10-storey shopping palace. In fact, the flagship store is the second most visited attraction in Paris, after the Louvre Museum. This shopping palace specializes in women’s clothing. Make sure to take in the view from the tea shop on the top floor; it’s well worth the visit.
Le Bon Marche
This stylish Left Bank department store was Paris’ first such store. Designed by Gustave Eiffel, Le Bon Marche is particularly known for its food hall, its wedding shops and its selection of modern clothes.
La Forum des Halles
This modern, underground shopping center was built in 1979. La Forum des Halles, the three-storey-tall shopping center offers everything from souvenirs to haute couture（高级女子时装）to entertainment, such as first-run movies and street performers. The shopping center is attached to the busy La Halle-Chatelet metro station and can be easily reached from all over Paris.
21. Which of the following places attracts the most visitors according to the passage?
A. The Louvre Museum. B. The Paris Opera.
C. La Forum des Halles. D. Au Printemps.
22. Which of the stores pays its special attention to women’s dressing?
A. Le Bon Marche. B. Au Printemps.
C. La Forum des Halles. D. Galeries Lafayette.
23. We can learn from the passage that .
A. Au Printemps is famous for its food hall
B. La Forum des Halles is next to the metro station
C. the clothes in Le Bon Marche are usually very cheap
D. the tea shop that is worth visiting is on the ninth floor of Galeries Lafayette
Bike sharing have become popular words in cities from Cape Town to Shanghai to Melbourne. Planners, politicians and media keep showing off their benefits: reducing pollution, congestion, travel costs and oil dependence, while improving public health. Bike sharing also helps make cities appear modern, dynamic and world-wide-----qualities much sought after by the creative class.
But what makes for a successful public bike-sharing program? This is an important question because installing one requires significant public and private investment and adjustment to the built environment.
While many programs have been launched among much praise, often their popularity has soon declined. Many end up operating at a financial loss and depend on other profitable enterprises to cross-subsidize (交叉补贴) them. Some have resulted in thrown-away bikes becoming an eyesore.
Understanding which factors enhance or stop public bike sharing is critical in helping cities decide whether such a program is workable, before considering what design and sitting will work best.
Drawing on current knowledge, we discuss the importance of the local landscape, climate, cycling infrastructure (基础设施) and land use. We also touch on other factors, such as the legal environment and the characteristics of the bike-sharing program itself.
Take natural environment for example. Two natural environment factors are known to affect participation: hilliness and weather. Hilliness discourages balanced bike-sharing use, as users avoid returning bicycles to stations on hilltops. Those stations end up being empty, while stations on flat areas are often full, so users cannot find a station to return their bikes.
As for weather, ideal temperature ranges vary by the climate zone. Case studies show warm and dry weather encourages public bike-sharing use. Rain and strong wind reduce the frequency of trips. However, some approaches, such as providing sheltered, shaded, or even heated or cooled cycling infrastructure, could prove useful.
24.What can we infer about bike sharing from Paragraph 1?
A.It has no disadvantage. B. It is welcomed worldwide.
C.It can solve every problem. D. It is the symbol of modern cities.
25.What is the current situation of bike-sharing programs?
A.Many of them run at a loss. B.Most of them make huge profits.
C.They are the most promising business. D.Their development is determined by public investment.
26.Why does the author mention the natural environment?
A.To show user’s interest in various natural environment.
B.To show the decisive function of natural environment.
C.To show the necessity of bike-sharing programs.
D.To show the significance of some factors.
27.Which of the following might increase bike-sharing use?
A.Hilliness. B.Attractive bikes. C.Rain and strong wind D. Perfect cycling infrastructure
Recently a study, led by Pedro Hallal of the Federal University, suggests that nearly a third of adults, 31%, are not getting enough exercise. That rates of exercise have declined is hardly a new discovery. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, technology and economic growth have helped to create a world in which taking exercise is more and more an option rather than a necessity. But only recently have enough good data been collected from enough places to carry out the sort of analysis Dr Hallal and his colleagues have engaged in.
There are common themes in different places. Unsurprisingly, people in rich countries are less active than those in poor ones, and old people are less active than young ones. Less obviously, women tend to exercise less than men—34% are inactive, compared with 28% of men. But there are exceptions. The women of Croatia, Finland, Iraq and Luxembourg, for example, move more than their male countrymen.
Malta wins the race for most slothful country, with 72% of adults getting too little exercise, and Swaziland and Saudi Arabia are in close behind, with 69%. In Bangladesh, just 5% of adults fail to exercise enough. Surprisingly, six Americans in ten are active enough according to Dr Hallal’s study, compared with fewer than four in ten British.
These high rates of inactivity are worrying. Human beings seem to have evolved to benefit from exercise while deliberately avoiding it whenever they can. In a state of nature it would be impossible to live a life that did not provide enough of it. But that is no longer the case. Actually lack of enough activity these days has nearly the same effect on life span as smoking.
28. We may learn from Paragraph 1 that _________.
A. the decline of exercise rates is newly discovered
B. the study suggests 31% of female adults get too little exercise
C. the industrial revolution has changed the way people live to some degree
D. the good enough data has been collected from only one country
29. According to the study, women of Luxembourg _________.
A. have little time to exercise B. hate to get regular exercise
C. take more exercise to lose weight D. exercise more than men in their country
30. The underlined word “slothful” in Paragraph 3 most probably means _________.
A. lazy B. rich C. powerful D. unpopular
31. What can be the best title for the text?
A. Benefits of Taking Exercise B. New Health Discovery
C. Evolvement of Human Beings D. Worldwide Lack of Enough Exercise
Getting stitched(缝合y Dr. Robot may one day be reality. Scientists have created a robotic system which did just that in living animals without a real doctor pulling the strings. Much like engineers are designing self-driving cars, the medical research is part of a move toward autonomous surgical robots, removing the surgeon’s hands from certain tasks that a machine might perform all by itself.
Doctors wouldn’t leave the bedside they’re supposed to watch. Plus they’d handle the rest of the surgery. In small tests using pigs, the robotic arm performed at least as well, and in some cases a bit better, as some competing surgeons in stitching together intestinal(肠的)tissue. “The purpose wasn’t to replace surgeons, ”said Dr. Kim who led the project. “If you have all intelligent tool that works with a surgeon, can it improve the outcome? That’s what we have done. ”
If you’ve heard about machines like the popular Da Vinci system, you might think robots already are operating. Not really. Today many hospitals offer robot-assisted surgery where surgeons use the machinery as tools that they control by hand to operate through tiny openings in the body. But robot-assisted surgery has been controversial, as some studies have shown it can bring higher costs without better outcomes.
Kim’s team at Children’s Sheikh Zayed Institute invented the new STAR system—it stands for Smart Tissue Autonomous Robot—works sort of like a programmable sewing machine. They added sensors to help guide each stitch and tell how tightly to pull. But the approach wasn’t perfect. In the living animals, the robot took much longer and made a few stitching mistakes while the surgeon sewing by hand made none. Kim said the robot can be sped up. He hopes to begin human studies in two or three years.
32. What’s the best title for the text?
A. A new robotic system
B. A new-style way of stitching
C. The newly-designed driverless vehicles
D. Robot surgeons one step closer to reality
33. What will surgeons do when Dr. Robot is used in surgery?
A. They can help pull the strings. B. They rest at the bedside.
C. They join in when necessary. D. They perform another surgery.
34. Some people are against using robots in surgery probably because_________.
A. they can be out of control B. they will take shorter time
C. they may be expensive to use D. they are likely to cause great pain
35. What can we infer from the text?
A. Dr. Robot can take the place of surgeons.
B. Dr. Robot will be improved.
C. Dr. Robot has been tested with human trials.
D. Dr. Robot can free doctors’ hands in the operation.
第二节（共5小题, 每小题2分, 满分10分）
根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。
Parents usually teach their children how to cross the street safety, by looking both ways for cars. 36 The city of Honolulu, Hawaii wants everyone to learn that lesson.
37 Beginning on October 24, you will be fined from ＄ 15 to ＄ 99 if you step into a Honolulu street while looking at your phone. Honolulu is the first major U.S. city to ban what is called “distracted walking”. It recently passed a law in a seven to two vote. The law says, “No pedestrian shall cross a street or highway while viewing a mobile electronic device.” 38
The law includes all electronic devices with screens: cellphone, tablets, gaming devices, digital cameras and laptop computers. 39 Pedestrians may use such devices in the street to call emergency services and rescue workers, such as firefighters and police officers.
Pedestrian deaths have been increasing as the use of cellphones rises. The Governors Highway Safety Association, or GHSA, says pedestrian deaths in the United States increased 25 percent 2010 and 2015. That trend continued in 2016 with the number of pedestrian deaths rising to almost 6000, 11% higher than in 2015.
40 The state of Washington was the first to outlaw distracted driving back in 2007. Now, 46 other states as well as D. C. , Puerto Rico, Guam and the U. S. Virgin Islands, have laws against texting while driving.
If you still want to text while walking, you could avoid being fined in Honolulu by using a voice-controlled digital assistant such as Siri or Google Assistant. Or you could just wait until you are again, safely, off the street.
A. The law does permit an exception.
B. Other U. S. cities may follow Honolulu
C. But do they also teach them to put away their cellphones?
D. Texting while crossing the street will soon be banned in the city.
E. Do you like Honolulu’s new law that bans texting while walking?
F. In other words, do not look at a screen when you cross the street or you could be fined.
G. The law’s creator hope it will lower the number of people hit and killed by cars in the city.
阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I used to believe politeness was a thing of the past. Very seldom have I 41 ?a polite human being in this modern society.
However, I had to ??42? ?my thinking, when I , with two of my grown-up daughters, came face to face with such a gentleman in a coffee place. The place was ??43 ?with customers and we had to climb steep stairs to find an empty table. 44 enjoying coffee and snacks, we went down the ??45 stairs, where there was hardly any space for another person to either ??46? or come down.
Just as I was in the middle of my descent(下降), a gentleman entered the main entrance which was 47 in front of the staircase. I was sure I would be ??48? ?roughly by this man going up. I kept coming down as fast as I could. My smart daughters were already down, looking up at me ??49? , hoping I would reach them before the stranger started up the stairs, knowing I was a ??50 sort.
??51 ? reaching my daughters, I noticed the man still standing near the door. I reached them and passed the ??52 ? ?at the entrance door which he ??53 ? holding open. I looked back thinking he was still at the door, deciding whether to go in 54 find another less crowded place. I saw him going up the stairs and I told my daughters about it. We three felt ??55 ? ? that we did not even ??56 ? the polite gentleman who was actually ??57? ? the door open for us ladies.
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