第一部分：听力（共两节，满分30分)第一节 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1.What does the boy still need to do?A. Hang up his clothes. B. Put away his toys. C. Sweep the floor. 2. What is the woman doing?A. Making the bed. B. Fixing the chair. C. Driving to school.3. Why is the woman sad?A. She lost her homework. B. The man deleted her essay.C. She forgot to send some emails.4. What does the man want to know?A. What time it is. B. When his train is supposed to leave.C. Where he can find the boarding hall.5. Who might Freddy be? A. The speakers’ son. B. The speakers’ pet. C. The speakers’ landlord.
6. Why does Rusty think the new student is poor? A. She’s not fashionable. B. Her jeans have holes in them.C. Her mom gave her old clothes.7. What does Sally think of Rusty?A. He is helpful.B. He is too curious. C. He is a little behind the times.
8. How did Harriet know the time?
A. From her iPhone. B. From her watch. C. From the sun.
9. What does Don think about Harriet’s explanation?A. It’s wrong. B. It’s funny. C. It’s too scientific.
10. What is the conversation mainly about?
A. How Alexa killed her plants.
B. Where Alexa planted her plants.
C. Why Alexa kept her house green.
11. What did Alexa do with her yellow plant?
A. She put it in the sunlight.
B. She returned it to the shop.
C. She gave it too much water.
12. What does the man suggest Alexa do?
A. Find out more about plants online.
B. Move all her plants out of the sun.
C. Throw all her plants away.
13. Why doesn’t Sue have the cake?
A. She dislikes it.
B. She’s trying to lose weight.
C. She’s trying to control a medical problem.
14. Who brought the sandwiches?
A. Jill. B. Tom. C. Sharon.
15. What does Sue really want?
A. A salad. B. Some seafood. C. Some hot soup.
16. What will Bill do in a few hours?
A. See a doctor. B. Go to a restaurant. C. Talk with the guests.
17. What is the main purpose of the loud noises?
A. To warn people outdoors to get inside.
B. To get people’s attention inside their homes.
C. To inform people without radios about danger.
18. Who decides to turn on the warning system?
A. Local media. B. Local officials. C. The national weather service.
19. Where should people go when they hear a warning?
A. To a window. B. To a public shelter. C. To the middle of a building.
20. What is the main topic of the talk?
A. A weather report. B. A warning system. C. The safety steps in bad weather.
Below are some best special interesting holidays─all are new for 2017 and have high quality guides or tutors and strong programmes.
1. Holland in bloom river cruise (巡游) with Alan Titchmarsh
Alan Titchmarsh is the star attraction on this river cruise. Alan joins you for a visit to the magnificent Keukenhof Gardens─home to 800 varieties of tulips (郁金香).The Telegraph’s gardening expert will talk about the best new varieties and the garden’s history.
April 19, ￡1,495 including flights from the UK and some meals. Telegraph Tours (0161 236 2444; telegraph.co.ukitchmarshtour).
2. Morocco Sketchbook
Led by artist Maxine Relton, this tour takes in Marrakesh helping you develop your drawing skills. Rapid line and figure drawing and colour mixing are all covered and the eight-day holiday is based in Kasbah du Toubkal.
May 8, ￡2,495 including some meals. Steppes Travel (01285 601 495; steppestravel.co.uk).
3. Ballroom and Latin American dancing in Tenerife
This travel provides daily dance tuition with David Bowie who’ll be on hand to teach dancing techniques. It is aimed both at the beginners and more experienced dancers looking to improve their skills. There’ll also be time to explore the island on foot or play a round of golf.
April 26, ￡769 full-board. Saga (0800 096 0084; travel.saga.co.uk).
4. Fishing in Northern Argentina
This nine-day fly fishing and conservation tour takes in the Iberá Marshlands, the world’s second largest wetlands. Here expert fisherman, Charles Jardine, is the guide as you fish. Based in Estancia Rincon del Socorro, the holiday also includes opportunities for horse riding and bird-watching.
October 15, ￡5,095 full-board. Cazenove + Loyd (020********; cazloyd.com).
21. Who might be interested in the Morocco Sketchbook holiday trip?
A. Amateur painters. B. Bird watchers.
C. Sports lovers. D. Photographic amateurs.
22. Which number should you call if you want to improve your dancing skills on the trip?
A. 0161 236 2444 B. 01285 601 495
C. 0800 096 0084 D. 020********
23. On which trip can people ride horses?
A. Morocco Sketchbook.
B. Fishing in Northern Argentina.
C. Ballroom and Latin American dancing in Tenerife.
D. Holland in bloom river cruise with Alan Titchmarsh.
24. What can we know from the passage?
A. Fishing in Northern Argentina costs least.
B. Maxine Relton is an expert fisherman.
C. Morocco Sketchbook lasts the longest.
D. Two holidays take place in April.
One of the qualities that most people admire in others is the willingness to admit one's mistakes. It is extremely hard sometimes to say a simple thing like“I was wrong about that,” and it is even harder to say,“I was wrong, and you were right about that.”
I had an experience recently with someone admitting to me that he had made a mistake fifteen years ago. He told me he had been the manager of a certain store in the neighborhood where I grew up, and he asked me if I remembered the egg cartons (in many countries, eggs are sold by the dozen and are put in cartons.) Then he related an incident (event, matter) and I began to remember unclearly the incident he was describing.
I was about eight years old at the time. I went into the store with my mother to do some shopping. On that particular day, I must have found my way to the food department where the incident took place.
There must have been a special sale on eggs that day because there were lots of eggs in dozen and half-dozen cartons. The cartons were put three or four feet high. I must have stopped in front of the piles of egg cartons. Just then a woman came by pushing her shopping cart and knocked off the cartons. For some reason, I decided it was up to me to put the eggs back together, so I went to work.
The manager heard the noise and came rushing over to see what had happened. When he appeared, I was on my knees looking at some of the cartons to see if any of the eggs were broken, but to him it looked as though I was the one who just did it. He severely reprimanded me and wanted me to pay for any broken eggs. I tried to explain, but it did no good. Even though I quickly forgot all about the incident, it is plain that the manager did not.
25. Which is the correct order of the following?
a. I forgot all about the incident.
b. I went into the store.
c. A woman knocked off the egg cartons.
d. I stood in front of the egg cartons.
e. The manager reminded me of the incident.
f. The manager didn't believe my explanation.
g. I picked up the unbroken eggs.
A. b; d; g; c; a; f; e B. b; d; c; g; f; e; a
C. b; c; d ;g; e; f; a D. b; d; c; g; f; a; e
26. The word “reprimanded” in the last paragraph most exactly means “_________ ”.
A. frightened B. scolded
C. warned D. comforted
27. The best title for this passage should be________ .
A. A Case of Mistake B. The Manager I Never Forget
C. The Manager and I D. An Incident 15 Years Ago
The discussion on renewable energy has been going on for at least a decade and people have relied on fossil fuels almost entirely for more than a century. However, the situation when fossil fuels were the most efficient and the cheapest source of energy has been left far in the past. Many countries such as Germany and Sweden have already made significant efforts to fix this situation, employing numerous power plants working on the renewable resources of energy. The most effective among these resources is geothermal（地热的）energy.
Geothermal energy does not depend on the world’s economic and political situation as strongly as fossil fuels do. Besides, extracting（提炼）fossil fuels adds to the price of energy produced from them. Therefore, geothermal energy is much cheaper than traditional ones, saving up to 80% of the costs over fossil fuels.
Being a renewable resource, geothermal energy produces less waste and pollution than traditional energy sources. In geothermal systems, carbon dioxide makes up about 10% of air produced. Overall, in order to produce the electricity that can be used for one hour, the geothermal systems produce 0.1 pound of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases. For a comparison, a power plant producing from gas produces up to 2 pounds of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, and those power plants that work on coal（煤）produce an astonishing 3.6 pounds of greenhouse gases.
Low costs is another reason why using geothermal power plants should be the first choice for many countries. Geothermal heat systems require 25% to 50% less energy for work compared with the traditional systems for heating or cooling. Besides, geothermal equipment is less big: due to the very nature of geothermal energy, geothermal power plants have only a few moving parts, all of which can be easily sheltered inside a relatively small building. What’s more, the life span of geothermal equipment is rather long. All these make geothermal power stations easy to build and keep.
28. Fossil fuels are more expensive than geothermal energy partly because _______.
A. it is free to use geothermal energy
B. the production of fossil fuels costs a lot
C. fossil fuels are nearly used up
D. geothermal energy doesn’t depend on political situation
29. According to Paragraph 3, what can be concluded from the comparison?
A. Geothermal energy is environmentally friendly.
B. Gas and coal are often used to produce electricity.
C. Coal is much more efficient than gas.
D. The geothermal systems don’t produce harmful gases.
30. Geothermal equipment is usually not as big as that of traditional energy because of______.
A. the life span of geothermal equipment B. geothermal power plants
C. the nature of geothermal energy D. the small buildings
31. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Many countries have benefited from geothermal energy.
B. Geothermal energy is well accepted.
C. Fossil fuels are being run out of.
D. Geothermal energy has many advantages.
London (CNN) There is no God -- that's the conclusion of the celebrated physicist Stephen Hawking, whose final book is published Tuesday. The book Brief Answers to the Big Questions, which was completed by his family after his death, presents answers to the questions that Hawking said he received most during his time on Earth.
Other bombshells the British scientist left his readers with include the belief that alien life is out there, artificial intelligence could outsmart humans and time travel can't be ruled out.
While Hawking spoke of his lack of belief in God during his life, several of his other answers are more surprising.\
In remarks prepared by Hawking and played at the launch of the book in London on Monday, the scientist also turned his attention to the world he was leaving behind. His greatest concern, his daughter said, \
Hawking's final message to readers, though, is a hopeful one. Attempting to answer the question \
32. Which question is NOT probably included in the book Brief Answers to the Big Questions,?
A. Is there Alien life? B. Does the solar system exist?
C. Is time travel possible? D. Does anyone direct the universe?
33. Hawking mentioned his disability in his book to________.
A. show his confidence. B. complain of God.
C. tell readers about his hardship. D. support his disbelief in God.
34. What was Hawking most concerned about?
A. Artificial intelligence will outsmart humans. B. Allen life will come to the earth some day.
C. Technology will destroy the world. D. Human beings are not united.
35. What did Hawking suggest human beings do?
A. Contact alien life. B. Explore the universe.
C. Develop the earth. D. Respect artificial intelligence.
What will you do if you can’t eat everything bought in the canteen? _____36_____ According to a survey, what students waste every year could feed over 10 million people.
_____37_____ According to Xinhua News Agency, the food wasted by Chinese people is about 50 million tons of grain every year, which could feed 200 million people.
Food waste, which has become a global issue, serves as a mirror that reflects various cultural and social issues in different countries. In the West, for instance, consumerism, the belief that it’s a good thing to use a lot of goods and services, is often to blame for food waste. _____38_____ Chinese people are well known for being hospitable and generous. Many even feel that they lose face if their guests have eaten all the food. On campus, a generation of single children is less aware of the food waste issue. Students nowadays are well protected by their families and hardly have any concept of how much toil others go through in order to provide them with the food they eat.
____39_____ There are over 925 million hungry people in the world, most of whom live in underdeveloped countries and areas. They don’t have enough food to eat. Many children die for lack of nutrition each year in some African countries. And farmers work very hard to grow the crops. ____40_____ It’s also important that everyone should think about how they can do their bit to reduce food waste.
A. Students’ waste is extremely serious.
B. China, in turn, features its own eating culture.
C. But canteen waste is extremely the tip of the iceberg.
D. Students can never realize the serious food crisis.
E. Compared with them, some live in a different world.
F. So there’s no excuse that we should waste our food.
G. Most of us would simply throw away any leftover food.
Reading is of great importance. That's why World Book Day came into being. World Book Day __41__ on April 23rd every year, which __42__ to encourage people, particularly teenagers, to discover the __43__ of reading so that they can fall in love with books. It's also the day to __44__ honor to those great writers who produced remarkable works of literature and made great __45__ to human civilization.
Many countries celebrate World Book Day and the __46__ is yearly held in different ways. On that day, millions of school children can buy books at a much __47__ price than usual in any bookstore in England, __48__ attracts a number of students to flood into bookstores for they can pay less money to buy the __49__ books. World Book Day is also __50__ in China. More and more people __51__ into the libraries and bookstores to read __52__ books. Most of them do more reading on that day, __53__ they can change the world by changing themselves __54__ reading.
Reading makes us __55__ and learned. Reading helps us to follow the __56__ development of science and technology. Reading enables us to have a good __57__ of and have a better understanding of foreign cultures and __58__. Reading also is one of the most important ways to learn foreign languages. We all know it's difficult and almost __59__ to learn everything in the classroom, yet the ways English people are living and working today can be __60__ by reading.
41. A. appears B. approaches C. falls D. forms
42. A. aims B. fails C. remains D. prepares
43. A. laughter B. pleasure C. secrets D. skills
44. A. receive B. enjoy C. feel D. express
45. A. contributions B. progress C. trouble D. benefits
46. A. performance B. celebration C. activity D. design
47. A. higher B. cheaper C. lower D. dearer
48. A. that B. which C. where D. when
49. A. different B. same C. colorful D. interesting
50. A. shared B. expressed C. carried D. celebrated
51. A. crowd B. gather C. accompany D. return
52. A. simple B. rare C. various D. expensive
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