Many centuries ago, all people had to gather seeds and plants to eat. They did not know how to farm or raise animals for food. We call them the Stone Age people because they used stone tools and weapons.
You may feel surprised in the world today there are still people who live like the Stone Age people. They live in the places that are hard to reach. Because they have met few people from the outside wor ld, they don’t know about modern inventions. They have not learned ways of doing things from others.
For 25,000 years, groups of people have lived alone in the middle of Australia. One of these groups is the Arunta tribe (部落). They do not know how to farm and how to raise sheep or cattle.
The Aruntas spend most of their time searching for food and water. The men hunt animals with stone-tipped spears. The women and children look for roots, seeds and nuts. They use sticks to dig up the roots. Several Arunta families live together. They have no house. At night, they sleep around small fires.
Now other people are moving into the center of Australia. Soon the Aruntas will no longer be a Stone Age people.
1. The Stone Age people are called so because they ____.
A. gathered seeds and plants to eat
B. didn’t know how to farm
C. used stone tools and weapons
D. didn’t raise animals for food
2. The Arunta tribe has lived ________.
A. in the middle of Africa
B. in the center of Australia
C. together with other people
D. in poorly built houses
3. Why do the Aruntas still live in the way as they lived before?
A. Because they have not yet learned new ways from other people.
B. Because they do not want to change their way of living.
C. Because other people are moving in and living with the Aruntas.
D. Because each family live alone without knowing others.
4. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A. the Australians live much like the Stone Age people
B. the Arunta tribe has a history of 25 centuries
C. the Stone Age people have at last disappeared in the world
D. the Aruntas will change their way of living sooner or later
Everyone needs friends. We all like to feel close to someone. It is nice to have a friend to talk, laugh and do things with. Surely, there are times when we need to be alone. We don't always want people around. But we would feel lonely if we never had a friend.
No two people are the same. Sometimes friends don't get along well, which doesn't mean that they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will go on being friends. Sometimes friends move away, then we feel very sad. We miss them much, but we can call them and write to them. Maybe we would never see them again, and we can make new friends. It is surprising to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them. Families sometimes name their children after a close friend. Many places are named after men and women, if they are friendly to people in a town. Some libraries are named this way. So are some schools. We think of these people when we go to these places.
There's more good news for people, if they have friends. These people live longer than those people if those don't have friends. Why? It could be that they are happier. Being happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just knowing that someone cares, if someone cares about you, you take better care of yourself.
5. The first paragraph tells us __________.
A. none needs friends
B. we always need friends around us
C. making friends is the need in people's life
D. we need to be alone
6. Which of the following is the most probable place people name after
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