湖南省衡阳市第八中学2018 - 2019学年高二英语上学期12月六科联赛试题

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湖南省衡阳市第八中学2018-2019学年高二英语上学期12月六科联赛试题

请注意:时量120分钟满分150分

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。

第I卷

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. How does the man go to work recently?

A. By bus.

B. By subway.

C. By bike.

2. Why did Jane leave?

A. To meet Susan.

B. To go to the library.

C. To attend a meeting.

3. What does Carol do?

A. A hostess.

B. A waitress.

C. A soccer player.

4. Where does the conversation take place probably?

A. In a library.

B. In a book store.

C. In a classroom. 5. What will the woman do tomorrow?

A. Meet the man.

B. Watch a movie.

C. Play tennis.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What’s the relationship between the speakers?

A. Fellow workers.

B. Passenger and driver.

C. Patient and doctor.

7. When did the woman hurt her finger?

A. When getting off a taxi.

B. When having a meeting.

C. When rushing to the subway. 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the woman think of the Beatles?

A. They are as popular as Hendrix.

B. They are better than Hendrix.

C. They have got great singers.

9. What do we know about the man?

A. He likes guitar music.

B. He agrees with the woman.

C. He plays in a band. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What did the man buy?

A. A raincoat.

B. A pair of shoes.

C. A pair of socks.

11. What color does the man like best?

A. Grey.

B. Black.

C. White.

12. What will the weather be like probably?

A. Rainy.

B. Snowy.

C. Cloudy.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. How does the man feel now?

A. Thirsty.

B. Tired.

C. Dizzy.

14. What does the woman want to see?

A. A statue.

B. A castle.

C. A lake.

15. Where are the speakers?

A. On the street.

B. In a tourist center.

C. In a café.

16. What will the speakers do next?

A. Make a call.

B. Ask a stranger for help.

C. Buy a travel brochure.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What’s the speaker doing probably?

A. Planning for this week.

B. Hosting a program.

C. Introducing Beijing.

18. What is Jersey Boys?

A. A musical.

B. A band.

C. A film.

19. How many major awards has Jersey Boys won?

A. 20.

B. 50.

C. 57.

20. Where is Lu Guangzheng’s exhibition held?

A. In an art center.

B. In a school.

C. In a museum.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

The best bikes for the beginners

When it comes to purchasing your first bike, the choice is endless, making it tough to know what to go for. Here are the best buys on the market right now.

Boardman CX Comp

is a cross-country bike, and it’s so vers atile(多用途的)that you can handle any terrain (地势)on it, making it a great choice for those wanting to try various cycling subjects. If you leave on the thick tires it comes with, it can ride on various paths and can even handle some less demanding mountain bike routes. Alternatively, put on thin, slick tires and treat it as a road bike. It has basket and comes with Shimano Sora gears(齿轮), which are outstanding for its price.

$650, Halfords

Planet X RT-58 v2

Planet X is based in Yorkshire, which means you’d pro bably have to buy this bike without seeing it. But it’s worth it, because this is an excellent machine at a lower price. Planet X is a highly rated manufacture and this model comes with Shimano Sora gears.

$439, Planet X

Specialized Allez ES

Specialized is one of the biggest and most popular brands in cycling, and this is its hugely popular primary road bike. It comes with solid components from front to back and you’ll look great out on the road.

$575, Evans Cycles

Boardman Road Team Carbon

u can push budget further still, this bike is worth the extra investment. The frame is made entirely from carbon, which is lighter, faster and more comfortable than the composition metal models above and gives you an all-round more enjoyable ride. It also means that if you get really serious about cycling, you don’t have to upgrade as quickly as you would with a cheaper bike.

$800, Halfords

21.Compared with other bikes, what is the strength of the Boardman CX Comp?

A. Dealing with any terrain

B. Its Shimano Sora gears

C. Its outstanding price

D. Putting on very firm tires

22.Which is suitable for you if you want to buy at a cheap price but with Shimano Sora gears?

A. Boardman CX Comp

B. Specialized Allez ES

C. Planet X RT-58 v2

D. Boardman Road Team Carbon

23.What can we know about the bikes mentioned in the text?

A. The fourth is very expensive but with special material.

B. You should be careful when riding the third.

C. The second has sold out so fast.

D. You can only ride the first on the mountainous road.

B

London (CNN) There is no God -- that's the conclusion of the well-known physicist Stephen Hawking, whose final book is published on Tuesday. The book Brief Answers to the Big Questions, which was completed by his family after his death, presents answers to the questions that Hawking said he received most during his time on Earth.

Other bombshells(爆炸性事件)the British scientist left his readers with include the belief that alien life is out there, artificial intelligence could outsmart humans and time travel can't be impossible.

\

While Hawking spoke of his lack of belief in God during his life, several of his other answers are more surprising. \

\

In remarks prepared by Hawking and played at the launch of the book in London on Monday, the scientist also turned his attention to the world he was leaving behind. His greatest concern, his daughter said, \

Hawking's final message to readers, though, is a hopeful one. Attempting to answer the question \

24.Which question is NOT probably included in the book Brief Answers to the Big Questions,?

A. Is there alien life?

B. Does anyone direct the universe?

C. Is time travel possible?

D. Does the solar system exist?

25.Hawking mentioned his disability in his book to________.

A. show his confidence.

B. support his disbelief in God.

C. tell readers about his hardship.

D. complain of God

26.What was Hawking most concerned about?

A. Artificial intelligence will outsmart humans.

B. Human beings are not united.

C. Technology will destroy the world.

D. Allen life will come to the earth some day.

27.What did Hawking suggest human beings do?

A. Contact alien life.

B. Respect artificial intelligence.

C. Develop the earth.

D. Explore the universe.

C

Chinese researchers say they have come up with a simple way to find out a person’s biological age —how much the body has aged physically – through a urine (尿) test.

Their findings will help researchers conduct numbers of ageing studies and even predict a person’s risk of age-related diseases, according to a paper published in the journal Frontiers in Ageing Neuroscience.

Another paper by researchers at the Beijing Hospital and the West China Hospital in Chengdu, Sichuan province, said on Tuesday that people aged at different rates due to changes in their genetic make-up and their environment.

Chronological age –which is based on one’s birth date —was not an exact measure of biological age so a more exact method was needed, the team said.

Ageing is driven by the lifelong gradual accumulation(积累) of a broad variety of molecular (分子) faults in the body’s cells. The team said they had identified a matter 8-oxoGsn that indicated increases in oxidative (氧化性) damage in urine as people’s bodies aged.

ianping, a co-author at the Beijing Hospital, said: “As we age, we suffer increasing oxidative damage and so the levels of oxidative matters increase in our body.” The team tested the levels of 8-oxoGsn in urine samples from 1,228 Chinese people aged two to 90 and concluded the marker helped accurately determine the stage of biological ageing in adults.

They had previously found that 8-oxoGsn levels also increased with age in the urine of animals such as mice.

eam has also developed a rapid analysis technique called ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography(层析法), which can process up to 10 urine samples an hour, according to the study.

28.Scientifically speaking, by what does a doctor judge the stage of a person getting old?

A. His psychology.

B. His condition.

C. His biological age.

D. His chronological age.

29.What are the outer factors the speed of one’s ageing physically depend on?

A. One’s birth date.

B. The changes in their genetic make-up and their environment.

C. The accumulation of various molecular faults in the body’s cells.

D. The increases in oxidative damage in urine.

30.Which can take the place of the underlined word “marker” in the sixth paragraph?

A. Molecular faults.

B. 8-oxoGsn.

C. Oxidative damage.

D. Stage of biological ageing in adults.

31.What is the passage about?

A. Why people are ageing.

B. What determines the stage of people’s ageing physically.

C. A rapid method with which to judge how much people are aging physically.

D. How to delay people’s ageing physically.

D

I start every summer with the best of intentions: to attack one big book from the past, a classic that I was supposed to have read when young and ambitious. Often the pairings of books

and settings have been purely unthinking: \

or televisions in the rooms, and little to do beyond row on the salt pond. Attempting \

But this summer I find myself at a loss. I’m not quite interested in Balzac, say, or “Trist ram Shandy.” There’s always War and Peace, which I've covered some distance several times, only

to get bogged down in the \

to simply fall back on a favorite once more into “The Waves” or “Justine,” which feels almost like cheating, too exciting and too much fun to properly belong in serious literature.

And then there’s Stendhal’s “The Red and the Black,” which happens to be the name of my favorite cocktail of the summer, created by Michael Cecconi at Savoy and BackForty. It is easy to drink, and knocking back three or four seems like such a delightful idea. Cecconi's theory:

\

32.What can we infer about the author from the first paragraph?

A. He enjoys reading when traveling.

B. He shows talents for literature.

C. He has a cottage in New England.

D. He admires a lot of great writers.

33.What do the underlined words \

A. Get confused

B. Make no progress.

C. Be interrupted

D. Be carried away.

34.Why does the author say reading his favorite books feels like cheating?

A. He finishes them quickly.

B. He has read them many times before.

C. He hardly understands them.

D. He is reading something serious.

35.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. To Read or Not to Read

B. My Summer Holidays

C. The Books of Summer

D.It’s Never Too Late to Read

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Do arithmetic(算术) problems 15 through 25. State the different forms of the verbs on page

50 of your French workbook. Read pages 12 through 20 of the Shakespeare play, and don’t forget

to fill in the missing chemical symbols on the worksheet.

Sound like a list of your homework for the next few nights—or maybe even just for tonight?

36 . It’s your teachers’ way of evaluating how much you understand what’s going on in class. And it helps strengthen important concepts.

37 . It’s attractive to start with the easy things to get them out of the way. However, you’ll have the most energy and focus when you begin, so it’s best to use this mental power on the subjects that are most challenging. Later, when you’re more t ired, you can focus

on the simpler things. If you get stuck on a problem, try to figure it out as well as you can—but don’t spend too much time on it because this can mess up your homework schedule for the rest

of the night. 38 . But don’t pick someone whom you’ll be up all night chatting with,

or you’ll never get it done!

Most people’s attention spans(一段时间) aren’t very long, so take some breaks while doing your homework. Sitting for too long without relaxing will make you less productive than if you

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