一. 宾语从句object clause:
that: I think that you can pass the exam.
Whether/if: I don’t know what the word means.
“Wh”: I don’t know what the word means.
I don’t know where he found the book.
1. 与or not连用:
I don’t know whether it’s raining or not.
He doesn’t know whether to accept the invitation.
It depends on whether he is coming.
She wants to know what he has done for the exam.
1)She said that she was a student.
2)She said that she would fly to Japan in a week.
3)She said that she had finished her homework already.
The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.
二. 定语从句Attributive clause:
1. Yesterday we bought a book which is really hard to understand.
2. The students who are from Maple Leaf School like learning English.
Whom: 先行词指人,则代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语(包括介词的宾语), 与who的区别是如果前面带介词则必须用whom
1.This is the teacher whom\\who we like best.
2. I don’t like the boy to whom you are talking.
Whose : 指人或物,作定语,表示“…的”
eg: Harry is the boy whose mother is our math teacher.
This is the first gift that my parents bought me.
This is the most exciting film that I have ever seen.
3. 先行词是不定代词something, anything等时.
e.g. Is there anything that you want in this shop
4. 先行词是人和物时, 用that.
e.g. He talked about some writers and books that were unknown to us all.
5. 先行词被all , little , the only , the very(就是,正是), the last 等词修饰时,只能用that
e.g. This is the last place that I want to visit.
6. 特殊疑问句以who 或which 开头,只能用that引导.
Who is the girl that is making a speech on the platform?
物+介词+which ; 人+ 介词+ whom
e.g. 1. This is the train by which we went to Beijing.
2. This is the teacher to whom my mother is talking.
三. 状语从句:Adverbial clauses
When I opened the window, I saw him come up.
--- 正在……的时候,突然…。通常主句是进行时或be about to 时,在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。
I was walking along the street , when I met him.
Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.
When the children had gone to bed, she began to prepare her lessons.
While we were in America, we saw him twice.
We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.
- 一边……一边, 随着
She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.
As I was going out, it began to rain.
oment --- 一……就…… =as so on as , immediately,
---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?
---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.
Not… until --- 直到……才
He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work.
e --- 在……之前
The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs.
--- 在…… 之后
ustomer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent. Since ---自从……, 通常主句用现在完成时
I have never been there again since I graduated from the university.
It is just a week since we arrived here.
on as --- 一……就……
Jack went to school as soon as he got well.
oner than --- 一……就……
no sooner… than… 用于句首要求倒装
No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.
Once you see him, you will never forget him.
Every time, each time 每次whenever 每当
Each time he came to town, he would visit our school.
If如果, unless除非, as long as只要, As (so) far as --- 据……所知,in case万一, provided that假如, on condition that若是,以…为条件
If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.
s --- 如果不, 除非=if not
We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight
ng as --- 只要
We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.
o) far as --- 据……所知
As far as I know, he speaks English very well.
se --- 假使, 如果
The plane cannot take off in case it rains.
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