初中英语三大从句 总结精品名师资料

来源:互联网 编辑:王志 手机版

一. 宾语从句object clause:

一. 定义definition:

在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。

二. 连接词connections:

that: I think that you can pass the exam.

Whether/if: I don’t know what the word means.

“Wh”: I don’t know what the word means.

I don’t know where he found the book.

只用whether的情况:

1. 与or not连用:

I don’t know whether it’s raining or not.

2. 与动词不定式连用:

He doesn’t know whether to accept the invitation.

3. 连接词前有介词时:

It depends on whether he is coming.

三. 时态tenses:

1. 主句是一般现在时态,从句根据实际情况而定(各种时态均可)

She wants to know what he has done for the exam.

2.主句是一般过去时态,从句用相应的过去的时态。

1)She said that she was a student.

2)She said that she would fly to Japan in a week.

3)She said that she had finished her homework already.

3. 如果宾语从句说的是客观真理、自然现象或事实时,这时宾语从句要用一般现在时态。

The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.

二. 定语从句Attributive clause:

1.定义:在复合句中修饰名词、代词的从句叫定语从句

2.先行词指人who hat

先行词指物which/ that

3. 定语从句一般紧跟被修饰的名词或代词(即先行词)后

4.关系代词代替先行词在句子中担当成分,所以从句中不可再出现其他代替先行词的代词

5.翻译方法“…. 的”

Eg.

1. Yesterday we bought a book which is really hard to understand.

2. The students who are from Maple Leaf School like learning English.

Whom: 先行词指人,则代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语(包括介词的宾语), 与who的区别是如果前面带介词则必须用whom

1.This is the teacher whom\\who we like best.

2. I don’t like the boy to whom you are talking.

Whose : 指人或物,作定语,表示“…的”

eg: Harry is the boy whose mother is our math teacher.

关系代词只能that 的特殊情况:

1.先行词前有序数词修饰时:

This is the first gift that my parents bought me.

2.先行词前有形容词最高级修饰时:

This is the most exciting film that I have ever seen.

3. 先行词是不定代词something, anything等时.

e.g. Is there anything that you want in this shop

4. 先行词是人和物时, 用that.

e.g. He talked about some writers and books that were unknown to us all.

5. 先行词被all , little , the only , the very(就是,正是), the last 等词修饰时,只能用that

e.g. This is the last place that I want to visit.

6. 特殊疑问句以who 或which 开头,只能用that引导.

Who is the girl that is making a speech on the platform?

当关系代词前使用介词时:

物+介词+which ; 人+ 介词+ whom

当关系代词前使用介词时:

e.g. 1. This is the train by which we went to Beijing.

2. This is the teacher to whom my mother is talking.

三. 状语从句:Adverbial clauses

定义:

在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。

状语从句一般分为八大类

时间状语从句地点状语从句

原因状语从句目的状语从句

结果状语从句条件状语从句

方式状语从句让步状语从句

1. 时间状语从句

---当……时候, 通常指某一特定的时间点,主句与从句的动作同时发生。

When I opened the window, I saw him come up.

--- 正在……的时候,突然…。通常主句是进行时或be about to 时,在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。

I was walking along the street , when I met him.

When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表示不满。

Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.

When=after

When the children had gone to bed, she began to prepare her lessons.

 ---在……期间,往往指一段时间。

While we were in America, we saw him twice.

 ---表示一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享受等。

We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.

- 一边……一边, 随着

She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.

- 当……时,指一个动作紧接着一个动作发生,从句通常用进行时。

As I was going out, it began to rain.

oment --- 一……就…… =as so on as , immediately,

---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

Not… until --- 直到……才

He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work.

e --- 在……之前

The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs.

--- 在…… 之后

ustomer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent. Since ---自从……, 通常主句用现在完成时

I have never been there again since I graduated from the university.

It is just a week since we arrived here.

on as --- 一……就……

Jack went to school as soon as he got well.

oner than --- 一……就……

no sooner… than… 用于句首要求倒装

Hardly …when…

Scarcely …when…

No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.

--- 一但……就……

Once you see him, you will never forget him.

Every time, each time 每次whenever 每当

Each time he came to town, he would visit our school.

2.条件状语从句

引导状语从句的连接词有:

If如果, unless除非, as long as只要, As (so) far as --- 据……所知,in case万一, provided that假如, on condition that若是,以…为条件

-如果

If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane.

s --- 如果不, 除非=if not

We can’t get there on time unless we book the earliest flight

ng as --- 只要

We will succeed as long as we keep on trying.

o) far as --- 据……所知

As far as I know, he speaks English very well.

se --- 假使, 如果

The plane cannot take off in case it rains.

初中英语三大从句总结

[本文更多相关]

初中英语语法——三大从句汇总(重点笔记)

初中英语语法——三大从句汇总在英语中,主要有三大从句,即名词性从句(包括主语从句,宾语从句, 表语从句,同位语从句)、形容词性从句(即定语从句)、副词性从句(即 ...[本文更多相关]

初中英语三大从句 总结

初中英语三大从句 总结 - 一. 宾语从句 object clause: 一. 定义 definition: 在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。 二. 连接词 connections: th...[本文更多相关]

初中英语三大从句汇总讲解

初中英语三大从句汇总讲解 - 初中英语三大从句汇总讲解 从句是相对于主句而言的,即它是从属于某一个主句, 而不能单独作一个句子。在英语中主要有三大从句,即: 1...[本文更多相关]

中学英语-初中英语语法三大从句总结,建议收藏建议...

[本文更多相关]

初中英语三大从句

初中英语三大从句_英语_初中教育_教育专区。初中英语三大从句定语从句: 定语是指...初中英语三大从句总结 暂无评价 5页 1下载券 初中英语三大从句汇总讲... 2页...[本文更多相关]

初中英语必会三大从句汇总讲解

初中英语必会三大从句汇总讲解_英语_初中教育_教育专区。初中英语必会三大从句汇总讲解从句是相对于主句而言的,即它是从属于某一个主句,而不能单独作一个句子。在...[本文更多相关]

初中英语语法——三大从句汇总.

初中英语语法——三大从句汇总._英语_初中教育_教育专区。初中英语语法——三大从句汇总.,初中英语语法书哪本好,初中英语语法大全2018,初中英语语法重点,初中英语语法...[本文更多相关]

英语三大从句语法讲解精品资料

英语三大从句语法讲解精品资料 - 英语三大从句 在英语中,主要有三大从句,即名词性从句(包括主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同 位语从句) 、形容词性从句(即定语从句...[本文更多相关]

初中英语三大从句专项训练

[本文更多相关]

初中英语三大从句 总结精品名师资料相关搜索
最新推荐
热门推荐
<上页热点Q热点106 114下页下页社会娱乐体育军事汽车财经科技育儿历史美食数码时尚宠物收藏家居心理文化三农健康科学游戏动漫教育职场旅游电影国际 知识100106 114 52 107 115 55 120 57 100z48 100z100 100z106 100z114 100z52 100z107 100z115 100z55 100z120 100z57 106z48 106z100 106z106 106z114 106z52 106z107 106z115 106z55 106z120 106z57 114z48 114z100 114z106 114z114 114z52 114z107 114z115 114z55 114z120 114z57 52z48 52z100 52z106 52z114 52z52 52z107 52z115 52z55 52z120 52z57 107z48 107z100 107z106 107z114 107z52 107z107 107z115 107z55 107z120 107z57 115z48 115z100 115z106 115z114 115z52 115z107 115z115 115z55 115z120 115z57 55z48 55z100 55z106 55z114 55z52 55z107 55z115 55z55 55z120 55z57 120z48 120z100 120z106 120z114 120z52 120z107 120z115 120z55 120z120 120z57 57z48 57z100 57z106 57z114 57z52 57z107 57z115suiji 106 114 52 107 115 55 120 57 100g48 100g100 100g106 100g114 100g52 100g107 100g115 100g55 100g120 100g57 106g48 106g100 106g106 106g114 106g52 106g107 106g115 106g55 106g120 106g57 114g48 114g100 114g106 114g114 114g52 114g107 114g115 114g55 114g120 114g57 52g48 52g100 52g106 52g114 52g52 52g107 52g115 52g55 52g120 52g57 107g48 107g100 107g106 107g114 107g52 107g107 107g115 107g55 107g120 107g57 115g48 115g100 115g106 115g114 115g52 115g107 115g115 115g55 115g120 115g57 55g48 55g100 55g106 55g114 55g52 55g107 55g115 55g55 55g120 55g57 120g48 120g100 120g106 120g114 120g52 120g107 120g115 120g55 120g120 120g57 57g48 57g100 57g106 57g114 57g52 57g107 57g115 57g55 57g120 57g57 100g48g48 100g48g100... 1000000new106 new114 new52 new107 new115 new55 new120 new57 new100g48 new100g100 new100g106 new100g114 new100g52 new100g107 new100g115 new100g55 new100g120 new100g57 new106g48 new106g100 new106g106 new106g114 new106g52 new106g107 new106g115 new106g55 new106g120 new106g57 new114g48 new114g100 new114g106 new114g114 new114g52 new114g107 new114g115 new114g55 new114g120 new114g57 new52g48 new52g100 new52g106 new52g114 new52g52 new52g107 new52g115 new52g55 new52g120 new52g57 new107g48 new107g100 new107g106 new107g114 new107g52 new107g107 new107g115 new107g55 new107g120 new107g57 new115g48 new115g100 new115g106 new115g114 new115g52 new115g107 new115g115 new115g55 new115g120 new115g57 new55g48 new55g100 new55g106 new55g114 new55g52 new55g107 new55g115 new55g55 new55g120 new55g57 new120g48 new120g100 new120g106 new120g114 new120g52 new120g107 new120g115 new120g55 new120g120 new120g57 new57g48 new57g100 new57g106 new57g114 new57g52 new57g107 new57g115 new57g55 new57g120 new57g57 new100g48g48 new100g48g100 下页>... new100g48g48g48g48g48g48g48top106 top114 top52 top107 top115 top55 top120 top57 top100g48 top100g100 top100g106 top100g114 top100g52 top100g107 top100g115 top100g55 top100g120 top100g57 top106g48 top106g100 top106g106 top106g114 top106g52 top106g107 top106g115 top106g55 top106g120 top106g57 top114g48 top114g100 top114g106 top114g114 top114g52 top114g107 top114g115 top114g55 top114g120 top114g57 top52g48 top52g100 top52g106 top52g114 top52g52 top52g107 top52g115 top52g55 top52g120 top52g57 top107g48 top107g100 top107g106 top107g114 top107g52 top107g107 top107g115 top107g55 top107g120 top107g57 top115g48 top115g100 top115g106 top115g114 top115g52 top115g107 top115g115 top115g55 top115g120 top115g57 top55g48 top55g100 top55g106 top55g114 top55g52 top55g107 top55g115 top55g55 top55g120 top55g57 top120g48 top120g100 top120g106 top120g114 top120g52 top120g107 top120g115 top120g55 top120g120 top120g57 top57g48 top57g100 top57g106 top57g114 top57g52 top57g107 top57g115 top57g55 top57g120 top57g57 top100g48g48 top100g48g100幼儿教育小学教育初中教育高中教育高等教育教学研究外语学习资格考试/认证成人教育职业教育IT/计算机经管营销医药卫生自然科学农林牧渔人文社科工程科技PPT模板PPT制作技巧求职/职场计划/解决方案总结/汇报党团工作工作范文表格/模板法律文书饮食游戏体育/运动音乐旅游购物娱乐时尚美容化妆家具家电社会民生影视/动漫保健养生随笔摄影摄像幽默滑稽人文社科法律资料军事/政治广告/传媒设计/艺术教育学/心理学社会学文化/宗教哲学/历史文学研究经管营销人力资源管理财务管理生产/经营管理企业管理公共/行政管理销售/营销金融/投资经济/市场工程科技信息与通信电子/电路建筑/土木城乡/园林规划环境/食品科学电力/水利交通运输能源/化工机械/仪表冶金/矿山/地质纺织/轻工业材料科学兵器/核科学IT/计算机互联网电脑基础知识软件及应用硬件及网络自然科学数学物理化学生物学天文/地理医药卫生临床医学基础医学预防医学中医中药药学农林牧渔农学林学畜牧兽医水产渔业求职/职场简历封面/模板求职/面试职业规划自我管理与提升计划/解决方案学习计划工作计划解决方案商业计划营销/活动策划总结/汇报学习总结实习总结工作总结/汇报党团工作入党/转正申请思想汇报/心得体会党团建设工作范文制度/规范演讲/主持行政公文表格/模板合同协议书信模板 表格类模板饮食游戏体育/运动音乐旅游购物娱乐时尚美容化妆影视/动漫保健养生随笔幽默滑稽幼儿教育幼儿读物少儿英语唐诗宋词育儿理论经验育儿知识家庭教育小学教育小升初学科竞赛其它课程 初中教育中考科学学科竞赛其它课程高中教育学科竞赛其它课程职业教育中职中专职高对口职业技术培训 其他成人教育成人考试电大自考专升本远程、网络教育高等教育理学工学经济学管理学文学哲学历史学法学教育学农业医学军事艺术研究生入学考试院校资料其它