初三英语首字母填空(难)精品名师资料

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首字母填空——能力提升训练

Passage 1

The White House of America

The White House is one of t he world’s most famous b 1 . For more than two hundred years, the White House has been more than just the home of the Presidents and their families. It has stood as a s 2 of being President, of the United States g 3 , and of the American people. At various times in history, the White House has been k 4 as the “President’s Palace”, the “President’s House”, and the “Executive Mansion”(行政官邸). President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901.

The White House includes special sections for public visits and p 5 family sections that are just for the family. The president’s office, for example, is in the West Wing of the building. Above the Oval(椭圆的)Office are the private family sections, where the present President Obama and his family have dinner t 6 nearly every night.

Each year about 15 million people visit the White House. As a v 7 , you can walk on the White House lawns, go through its halls and even sample(品尝)a meal from its kitchen! With five full-time cooks, the White House kitchen is able to serve dinner to as many as 140 g 8 .

It takes a lot of people to keep the White House running—about 1,700 to be exact! These employees do everything f 9 cooking to answering phones to taking photos to arranging flowers to decorating the place for Christmas each year. There are official White House electricians(电工), servants, cooks, secretaries and even librarians.

For recreation(娱乐), the White House has a variety of facilities available to people,

i 10 a tennis court, a swimming pool, a movie theater, and so on.

Help: executive mansion n. 行政官邸oval adj. 椭圆的sample v. 品尝facility n. 设备

True or false:

1. In America, people are not allowed to visit the White House.

2. The White House is only the home of the Presidents of America.

Key: 1. F 2. F

1. buildings

2. symbol

3. government

4. known

5. private

6. together

7. visitor

8. guests

9. from 10. including

Passage 2

So many twins

Walk around Kodinji village and you’ll think that you have double vision. N 1 knows why there are so many twins in the village of over 5,000 people.

ct with about 35-45 twins per 1,000 live birth, this village in North Kerala, India, has four times more twins than normal. B 2 on door-to-door surveys, there are probably now around 230 sets of twins in the village, locals said. That number doesn’t include five women pregnant (怀孕的) with twins.

The twins of 60 are the oldest twins in the village, while the youngest were born on June 10 this year. Being a twin is not always easy. Pathummakutty, a middle-aged woman, recalls how her family struggled for a l 3 when she was a child. But she also remembers good times

such as l 4 after she was mixed up with her twin sister. At the local school, 15-year-old Salmabi said teachers often c 5 her for her twin sister and she was once scolded for something that her twin sister did.

Scientists are still trying to uncover the m 6 of why there are so many twins in the village. “Based on scientific facts, we feel something in the e7 is causing this. It could be something in the water,” said a local doctor, M.K. Sribiju. The locals also believe it is to do with the water. Kodinji is surrounded by clear water in the small river.

As scientists try to find the r 8 for the large numbers of twins in the village, the parents are busy trying to tell their children apart. While parents lightheartedly(自由自在地;无忧无虑地)point out that their twins even seem to fall sick together but not all traits (特性) are s 9 . The twins Anu and Abhi prefer different film stars and one of the boys likes to play tennis, w 10 the other prefers kicking a soccer ball.

1. nobody

2. Based

3. living

4. laughter

5. confused

6. mystery

7. environment

8. reason

9. shared 10. while

Passage 3

One of the best tourist destination-Cape Town

C ape Town (开普敦,南非西南部港市)is making great efforts to strengthen its travel i

1 to make sure that it is ready to entertain all the t

2 who will travel to South Africa for the international football event, the World Cup in 2010. As Cape Town began to grow, the world started to really discover the true potential of this beautiful tourist d 3. Whether for pure pleasure or business opportunities, the number of people traveling to South Africa, and especially Cape Town, has increased g 4.

A truly i 5 aspect(方面)that helped the growth of Cape Town’s travel industry was Cape Town’s architecture(农业)that combines(结合)different architectural styles from all over the world including such countries as Britain, France and Holland. Cape Town’s architecture is considered to have the largest number of buildings built in Cape Dutch style. Cape Town’s travel industry also benefits from the annual Cape Town Minstrel Carnival(吟游诗人嘉年华会), which is h 6 on January 2nd and has a lot of music and beautiful displays that are sure to entertain anyone visiting or p 7 through Cape Town.

To really make your vacation to Cape Town unforgettable, make sure that you rent a car from one of the many car rental companies in Cape Town. Apart from the local car rental companies, there are a lot of i 8 car rental companies that benefit from the growing Cape Town travel industry. There is surely a car rental company that has the v 9 to suit each and every one of your needs. Some companies offer full insurance(保险), some do not, so be careful before c 10 . The most important factors you need to think about when making your pick from the large variety of car rental companies are insurance against theft, and insurance against accidents. Other than this concern, we are sure you will have a great time in Cape Town.

Notes:Minstrel Carnival n. 吟游诗人嘉年华会rent v. 租赁theft n. 偷窃

1. industry

2. tourists

3. destination

4. greatly

5. important

6. held

7. passing

8. international

9. vehicle 10. choosing

Passage 4

The invention of paper in China

What makes a truly great invention? Must it be practical? Can it be beautiful? Must a great invention make a big d 1 to the lives of many or only a few people? There are many different ways to judge what makes a good invention.

Perhaps the g 2 invention is the one that not only has an influence on almost everyone living on the planet, but also allows people to have access(接近,进入)to more information and to advance civilization.

In today’s world, even with the d 3 of technology, it’s difficult to imagine a world without paper! Things like money, books, and ID cards would not be possible without the invention of paper.

The world would be very different today, indeed, without the c 4 of Cai Lun, a Chinese man who lived in the Eastern Han Dynasty in central China. Cai worked as a paperwork secretary under Emperor Hedi. D 5 that time, it was common to record something important in natural m 6 such as silk, bamboo or wood. Silk was very expensive, and it took a long time to make it. Bamboo was widely found, but carrying it around took lots of

s 7 . The pieces of wood took up too much room.

Cai revolutionized (变革) this practice by c 8 a type of writing material made from inexpensive materials such as tree bark(树皮), and old cloth. He even put broken fishing nets into his papermaking. His work began to be known around China as “Cai Lun paper”. People praised the writing material for its strong but lightweight quality. It was inexpensive and could be mass-produced easily.

Because it was cheap, lightweight and easily t 9 , the new paper invented by Cai allowed scholars to record more and more stories of China’s long and well–known history. Furthermore, it helped s 10 the information to the world.

1. spread

2. greatest

3. development

4. contributions

5. During

6. materials

7. strength

8. creating

9. transported 10. difference

Passage 5

Pop singer-Khalil Fong

Khalil Fong was b 1 in Hawaii and his family moved to Shanghai when he was 6. His father wanted him to learn more about Chinese culture. Six years later, they moved to Guangzhou and then moved to Hong Kong.

l was a self-educated guitar player and pianist. When he was 16, he sent his demos (录音样带) to music producers. Four years later, Warner Music(华纳音乐)Hong Kong asked him to be their producer.

His first l 2 is English and he can also speak Mandarin(普通话), Shanghainese and Cantonese. A 3 living in Hong Kong, he first became popular in Taiwan. This is because his songs are sung in Mandarin r 4 than Cantonese.

Khalil released (发行) his first album Soul Boy on September 18th, 2005. He has won a number of a 5 , including a silver award for New Male Artist at Commercial Radio. He released his s 6 album This Love in December, 2006. The popular song Love Love Love in it a 7 a lot of people.

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